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Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Road Safety Prevention

Road Safety Prevention


Road Safety Prevention



Preface



Objective



Road accidents  - A silent Disaster



Road accident statistics



Road accident statistics



Factors involved for causing road accident



Road accidents in India - By Type Vehicles



Road accidents in India - By Time of occurence



Accident Deaths by UN-natural causes during 2010-2011



Causes for Road Accidents



Accident Black spots

 


Accident Black spots



Common cause of Road accidents



why accident happened?



why accident happened?



How we drive!!!



How we drive!!!



How we drive!!!



How we drive!!!



How we drive!!!



How we drive!!!



Is it an helmet



No.Its Hell Mate



Accident What to do?



How accidents occured



Drivers part



Drivers part



Drivers part



Tyres and Road safety



Alcohol and Driving



Alcohol and Driving



Emergencies



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



Steps to preventing Road accidents



World wide toll of Road accidents



More road accidents facts



Are you ready?



How you can help?



Wish you safe journey always



Thank you






Road Safety

Objective

vTo know the hazards, and danger involved in driving a vehicle and take necessary precautions to save lives, time and money.
vRoad Accident Statistics.
vFactors involved for causing road accident.
vSteps to be taken prevent for Road accident.  

Road Accidents – A Silent Disaster

Road Accident Statistics

ØMore than 1.2 million people are killed in Road accident, world wide, every year.
ØEvery 8th minute, there is 01 road casualty in India.
ØOne child is killed in Road accidents, every three minutes in the world.

Ø There are 11 accidents for every 1000 vehicles.
ØEvery year out of 01 lacs unnatural deaths in India, nearly 68000 (more than 34%) are due to road accidents.
Ø Mostly males, who are earning members in the family, die.
ØTotal world wide death toll of Tsunami of 2004 was about 2,30,000.But the annual world wide death toll of Road accident is 12,00,000!!!  i.e. More than 5 times the Tsunami toll. 
Factors involved for causing road accidents

Road Accidents in India – By Type Vehicles

Road Accidents in India – By Time of Occurrence


Causes for Road Accident

ACCIDENT BLACK SPOTS

ü Uncontrolled junction
ü Bus stop
ü Gaps within Road Dividers
ü Road side Parking places
üwhile reversing
ü Road Bend
üUnplanned Parking over highway ( breakdown)

ACCIDENT BLACK SPOTS

Common Cause of Road Accidents

Why accident happened?

How we drive!!!!

Is It an Helmet

No . Its Hell Mate

Accident: What to do?

How accidents occurred

ØAccidents are not happening…
    Somebodies are making it…

vFirst Part : Drivers are responsible for it.

vSecond part: Then we and all road users are responsible for it.

Drivers part

1.Weather condition
2.Driving  condition
3.Drivers vehicle condition
4.Drivers mood.

Drivers part

§Inadequate training
§ Easily obtained License
§ Lack of knowledge of rules & regulations
§ Long working hours fatigue
§ Health fitness is poor
§ Drinking habits
§Over confidence in driving
§Attitude
§Seeing Ability:
§Color blindness
§40% elderly drivers can not see road signs at night.
§10 to 30 times more illumination level is required to see at night.
§Physical stress
§ Illumination
§ Knowledge and skill
Tyres and Road Safety
§Tyres form a vital link between vehicle and road.
§ Safe journey depends largely on the fitness of tyres.
Alcohol and Driving

Effects of alcohol;
§ Promotes risk taking
§ Lower reflexes
§ Vision and hearing capacity diminishes
§ Reaction time increases
§ No control over controlling devices
Driving errors;
§Fast & slow
§ Wrong lane
§ Running over the footpath
§ Not signaling
§ Quick & jerky start
§ Changing lanes frequently
Emergencies

§Bursting of tyres
§ Accelerator sticks
§ Skidding
§ Brake failure
§Vehicle stalls
§ Running off the road
§ Fire

Steps to preventing
Road accidents

Steps to Preventing Road Accidents
Most important method to bring down accidents is strict enforcement of speed limits.
90 % of accidents can be avoided by strict enforcement of speed limits.
Existing speed limits should be brought down further.
Heavy Penalty should be imposed on all those who cross speed limits. If this is strictly implemented, nobody will dare to go at high speed.
Heavy penalty should be imposed for  those who cause accidents.

Two wheeler manufacturers should be asked to design two wheelers with a designed maximum speed of (say) 50/60 kmph.
  ( Suitable speed limit may be selected for each country.)
Diving tests for issue of Driving license is to be made more stringent and foolproof.
Raising of lower age limit for two wheeler and Heavy Vehicle license to 21.
Helmet should be made compulsory by law in all states, OR impose a lower speed limit for those who do not use helmet.
Helmet should be made compulsory for back seat riders also.
Ensure that all Helmet users are fixing the Chinstrap of Helmet. Otherwise it will not help during an accident.
Ensure that ONLY good quality Helmets are available in the market.
Ensure that all Helmet users are fixing the Chinstrap of Helmet. Otherwise it will not help during an accident.
Ensure that ONLY good quality Helmets are available in the market.
Safety awareness should begin from childhood, as it is difficult to impart awareness to a grown up a human. If safety awareness is imparted at childhood, safety will be a habit.
Video and Computer Games that simulate Racing should be banned by Government OR discouraged by parents as it will develop racing habit in children.
All sorts of Motor sports especially racing should be banned by government. Telecast of Motor Sports and Racing also should be banned.
Racing and over speed / highly risky riding, driving by Heroes should not be filmed in cinemas and TV serials. Government should censor such scenes.
Children below a certain age should not be permitted to do cycling in busy roads / roads where heavy vehicles are plying.
Refreshment parlors should be made available at (say) every  50 / 100 k.m. on all national highways and truck / heavy vehicle drivers should be forced to refresh by having a face wash or by having a cup of tea or coffee.
Advertisement boards and other items that may obstruct visibility at junctions, curvatures and other parts of the roads should be removed immediately.
Ensure that the money recovered as Road Tax is fully utilized for the construction /maintenance of roads.
Time Punching of Private buses (practiced in some states) should be discontinued as it is forcing the drivers to go at high speed, after traffic blocks.
TV and other media should be effectively used for Public safety awareness.
Major accidents and accident  prone areas should be scientifically analyzed .
Speed should be restricted at accident prone areas.
Stringent traffic rules should be enacted.
License of those who are involved the accidents should be suspended immediately, at least until they prove that they are not guilty.
License of those who make serious accidents should be cancelled.
Roads should be properly  maintained. Permanent contracts / arrangements should be in place for maintaining all roads in good condition 24 hours a day, 365 days an year. If a gutter is repaired in time it can save a life !!!
Health of vehicles should be strictly enforced.
Eyes of old aged driving license holders should be tested periodically.
License of drunkard drivers / riders should be cancelled immediately .
Judicial Commissions should be setup to monitor steps taken to control road accidents.
Roads should be straightened / widened wherever required.
One way traffic  should be implemented as far as possible. Medians should be constructed in roads with two way traffic.
Footpaths and medians should be made mandatory for important roads.
Zebra crossings should be provided for pedestrians for safe road crossings at appropriate places.
Signals for road crossings at important busy places where a large number of people have to cross the road everyday.
Roads should be properly marked. Proper sign boards should be installed.
Humps should be provided at all important places, accident prone areas.
Humps should be clearly marked, to avoid accidents. Methods of permanent nature should be followed in Hump marking. For example white marble pieces / white color / fluorescent pigment can be included in the mixture.
Visibility should be increased near curvatures.  Sometimes, even cutting of grass to increase visibility can help save many lives.
Road Safety Day / Road Safety Week should be observed in all Schools, every year.  Competitions on Road Safety Tips, Slogans, Essay, Painting etc. should be conducted for various categories of students.
School Buses should be painted with Bright Yellow color.
Let ‘Road Safety’ be a mandatory topic for School Projects for all classes, every year.
Front and Back of Lorries and Trucks should be painted with bright Yellow color to increase visibility. This will help to prevent collisions while Lorries and Trucks are parked on roadside without parking lights switched on.
Reflectors should be fixed on Front and Back of Trucks and Lorries.
Accident statistics should be periodically reviewed to understand the effect of actions taken. Corrective steps should be taken based on these reviews.

World wide toll of Road Accidents
(Statistics by world Bank & WHO)

1.2 million people worldwide are estimated to be killed each year on the roads – that’s around 3,000 deaths daily, 500 of them children.
.
50 million people worldwide are believed to be injured in road crashes each year, 15 million seriously.
Low and middle income countries account for more than 85 per cent of global deaths from road traffic crashes;

More Road Accident facts

 5 Tsunamis are wiping out
lives from the world every year,
in the form of Road Accidents.
Nobody is noticing it !!! 

Now, it is time for war against
 Road accidents.
Are you ready ?


How you can help ?


You can fight
road accidents
by simply
spreading this message.

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