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Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Welcome to Road safety and Defensive Driving

Welcome to Road safety and Defensive Driving


Objective


Traffic accidents


Spots of accidents


Accident Black spots


Factors involved for causing road accidents


Order of the day

Driver


.

Driver


Driver


Defensive Driving


Defensive Driving


Sign of fatigue

Tyres & Road safety

Alcohol & Driving


Alcohol & Driving


Emergencies


Breakdown

Mechanical failure

if vehicle lights go off

Fire

Collision with pedestrains

Types of Railway crossigns


Collision


Collision with animals


Collision with Bicycle



Expecting collision with approaching vehicle



Collision with an oncoming vehicle

Vehicle Behind


Overtaking

Do not overtake

Avoid following too closely


Defensive Driving Good Habits

Discourtesy

Cooperative Driving

Attitude

Daily Inspections


Daily Inspections


Defensive Driving

Road safety signs

Defensive Driving

Defensive Driving

Defensive Driving

Road safety signs

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals

Traffic signals



Thank you






Read More :-


Welcome to
Road Safety
and

Defensive Driving

TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS:

Every 8th minute, there is 01 road casualty in India.
There are 11 accidents for every 1000 vehicles.
Every year out of 01 lacs unnatural deaths in India, nearly 68000 (more than 34%) are due to road accidents.
Mostly males, who are earning members in the family, die.

SPOTS OF ACCIDENTS:

ACCIDENT BLACK SPOTS:

Uncontrolled junction
Bus stop
Gaps within Road Dividers
On street Parking places
Building access (while reversing)
Road Bend
National Highway

Factors involved for causing road accidents

ORDER OF THE DAY

Jumping red lights
Violating traffic rules
Crushing an injury

DRIVER

  Inadequate training
Easily obtained License
Lack of knowledge of rules & regulations
Long working hours fatigue
Health fitness is poor

DRIVER

Drinking habits
Emotional stress
Over confidence in driving
Seeing Ability:
-Colour blindness
-40% elderly drivers can not see road signs at night.
-10 to 30 times more illumination level is required to see at night.

DRIVER

Physical stress
Illumination
Knowledge and skill
Attitude

DEFENSIVE DRIVING

Defensive Driving: ?

It is the driving to save lives, time & money in-spite of the conditions around you and the actions of others.
Conditions: Roads, weather, traffic, light etc.
Actions of others: Violations, discourtesy, lack of knowledge of other Drivers etc.

DEFENSIVE DRIVING

Factors affecting driving skills

Fatigue (overworking hours)
Stop when you feel tired/ sleepy, take rest, tea & arrange other driver to drive.
Medicine (calmpose, avil, benadryl)
Disturb mind
Distraction (pet, children at back seat, loud music, etc.)
Drunken driving88

Sign of Fatigue

Constant yawning
Driving across the lane
Eyes closing
Difficulties in keeping head up
Increase/ decrease of speed

TYRES & ROAD SAFETY

Tyres form a vital link between vehicle and road.
Safe journey depends largely on the fitness of tyres.

ALCOHOL & DRIVING
Effects of alcohol;
Promotes risk taking
Lower reflexes
Vision and hearing capacity diminishes
Reaction time increases
No control over controlling devices

ALCOHOL & DRIVING

Driving errors:
Fast & slow
Wrong lane
Running over the footpath
Not signaling
Quick & jerky start
Changing lanes frequently

EMERGENCIES
Bursting of tyres
Accelerator sticks
Skidding
Brake failure
Bonnet flies up
Vehicle stalls
Running off the road
Fire
BREAKDOWN
Inform supervisor
Switch on warning lights
Keep vehicle away from movement of traffic
Display warning triangle
Apply hand brake
Convoy supervisor will inform to the control room
Control room will inform emergency breakdown control point.
MECHANICAL FAILURE

Brake failure
What to do?
Tyre burst
What to do?
Sudden loss of acceleration
What to do?
Bonnet flies up
What to do?
If vehicle lights go off
Keep the vehicle straight on the road, slowly
Take to the shoulder
Brake to stop
Park

FIRE
Disconnect the battery.
Discuss, what to do?

COLLISION WITH PEDESTRIANS 

Remedy;
Be alert
Blow horn
Slow down
Give them priority
TYPES OF RAILWAY CROSSINGS
Manned
Unmanned
Indicators provided
Collision is common
COLLISION
Electrical poles/ walls etc.
Many while reversing
COLLISION WITH ANIMALS
Cows, buffalos, horses, cats, dogs, etc.
REMEDY
Slow down
Their behaviour is unpredictable
Give them priority
COLLISION WITH BICYCLE
It is a vehicle
Expected to follow traffic rules
Two wheelers are vulnerable to death
Expecting collision with approaching vehicle
Stay left
Do not cross centre line.

Collision with an oncoming vehicle
Rule 1: Read the road ahead
Rule 2: Drive to the left
Never crowd the central line. Ride in the centre of a lane & give the centre line plenty of room. Make a habit of using the far left lane.
Rule 3: Reduce speed
Slow down, blow horn/ flash your lights to warn the erring driver. Continue slowing down and be prepare to stop until the hazard is gone.88
VEHICLE BEHIND
You are equally responsible from a cross from behind a vehicle.
Keep watch through rear view mirror.
Indicate them by indicator or by hand.
Avoid sudden stop.
Allow the vehicle to pass/ don’t increase your speed.
If the vehicle does not pass, slow down.
OVERTAKING
Most accidents happen while overtaking/ being overtaken.
You may have head on collision & a side sweep or run off the road.
DO NOT OVERTAKE
On a marked NO OVERTAKING ZONE.
On curves
On hills
100 meters before & at railway crossing or cross roads.
A vehicle, slowing down to give way to pedestrians
Avoid following too closely
Reaction time: 3/4th of a second
Gap between the vehicles: keep one vehicle distance for every 10 kmph speed.
Defensive Driving Good Habits
Observation;
-Who, where, when & what to look for.
Communication
Coordination
Consideration
DISCOURTESY
Excess speed
Reckless passing
Crossing the lane
Blocking the traffic
Excessive horn
Wrong signaling
These are in your hand.
COOPERATIVE DRIVING
Not blocking the intersection
Using signals while turning or changing the lane
Not following too closely
Smooth driving
Changing the lane correctly
Keep your mind cool, Manage stress

ATTITUDE
Willing to admit mistakes
Tolerance towards the mistakes of others
Respect for the law
Respect for other road users
Courtesy
DAILY INSPECTIONS:
Leakage of Oil, hydraulic oil & fuel
Oil, hydraulic oils & water levels
Lights & indicators
Horn
Reverse horn & lights
Wipers
Tyre pressure
Jack, wooden plate & spare parts
DAILY INSPECTIONS:

Presence of safety equipments
Brakes
Tyres
Fire extinguishers
Rear view mirrors.
DEFENSIVE DRIVING
CONCLUSION
As a defensive driver, you must be always alert on the road.
Road Safety Signs
Railway crossing sign board: 200 Meters & 100 Meters before the crossing.
For road sign boards: before 50 meters each.
DEFENSIVE DRIVING
Road Safety Signs
TRAFFIC SIGNALS
TRAFFIC SIGNALS





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