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Friday, 4 November 2016

Summer Heat Stroke Awareness session

Summer Heat Stroke Awareness session



















 

Today Topic:-

Awareness session – Heat Stroke

Introduction

Heat stress is a total of all the heat factors, both internally and externally, that make up the Total heat load imposed on the body


External Factors

External factors causing heat stress are”-
*Air Temperature
*Heat from surrounding equipment
*Radiant Heat
*Wind speed
*Humidity

*Clothing

Internal Factors

External factors causing heat stress are”-
*Physical fitness (eg:- lack of or obesity)
*Medical conditions (eg : heart, pulmonary)
*Degree of acclimatisation (7 to 14 days) 
*Alcohol, drugs and coffee intake.

*Heat tolerance (eg. sunburn)

Medical conditions
Medical conditions affected by heat.
*Hypertension
*Diabetes

*Alcoholism

Heat Related Illnesses

Heat Faint

Dizziness and possible fainting due to the shunting of large amounts of blood away from the body core in an attempt to reduce the body temperature.   

Heat Related Illnesses

Treatment
ØLay the casualty down under the shade or cool place.
ØLoose clothing.

ØReassure   

Heat Related Illnesses
Heat Cramps
Painful muscle spasms, weak pulse. They are result of profuse sweating and do not replace salt.

Heat Related Illnesses

Treatment
Rest in a cool place and give plenty of water and salt (1 tea spoon salt in 5 ltrs water)
Reassure. 

Heat Related Illnesses

Heat Exhaution
Excessive loss of body water and salt.
Signs and Symptoms
-Normal or low body temperature
-Rapid and weak pulse 
-Moist, clammy and pale skin.
-Rapid and shallow breathing.

Care For Heat Stroke

ØMove the Casualty quickly to a cool place. Remove all outer clothing.call medical aid.
ØWrap the casualty in a cold,wet sheet and keep it wet.
ØCool them until the temp is 38c

Care For Heat Stroke

ØWhen cooled down replace wet sheet with dry one.
Ø
ØMonitor casualty’s temperature.
Ø
ØRefer to medical.

Prevention of Heat Stress

ØReduce body heat by :-
ØMechanism of tasks
ØShare work loads
ØFrequent rest breaks
ØPlan work,
ØEducation
ØDiet & fluid intake (approx. 10lts of water)

   

   


Prevention of Heat Stress

ØReducing alcohol and coffee intake
ØModifying work habits based on signs and symptoms
Øinsulation
ØBetter use of reflective screens
ØErect shading
ØClothing

Report symptoms

ØReporting of feeling unwell should be seen as a positive and an opportunity to prevent serious illness.

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