Awarness - cholara

Awareness - cholera

Cholera:
 
 
 
It is an acute epidemic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. A soluble toxin elaborated in the intestinal tract by the bacterium activates the adenylate cylase of the mucosa, causing active secretion of an isotonic fluid resulting in profuse watery diarrhoea, extreme loss of fluid and electrolytes, and dehydration and collapse, but no gross morphologic change in the intestinal mucosa.


Causes of Cholera:

Vibrio cholera, the bacterium that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by faeces from a person with the infection.

 
Common sources include:
 

Ø   Municipal water supplies
Ø   Ice made from municipal water
 
Ø   Foods and drinks sold by street vendors
Ø   Vegetables grown with water containing human wastes
Ø   Raw or undercooked fish and seafood caught in water polluted with sewage
 
Symptoms:
Ø  Rapid heart rate
Ø   Loss of skin elasticity
 
(The ability to return to original position quickly if pinched)
Ø  Dry mucous membranes, including inside the mouth, throat, nose and eyelids
 
Ø  Low blood pressure
 
Ø   Thirst
Ø   Muscle cramps
Prevention / Treatment:
Although there is a vaccine against cholera, the World Health Organization don't normally recommend it because it may not protect up to half of the people who receive it and it lasts only a few months. However, you can protect yourself and your family by using only water that has been boiled, water that has been chemically disinfected or bottled water. Be sure to use the bottled, boiled, or chemically disinfected water for the following purposes:
Ø   Drinking
Ø   Preparing food or drinks
Ø   Making ice
 
Ø   Brushing your teeth
Ø   Washing your face and hands

Ø   Washing dishes and utensils that you use to eat or prepare food
Ø   Washing fruits and vegetables
“Be Cautious with Vector Borne Diseases”

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