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Saturday, 3 June 2017

First Aid – Eye Injury & Burns

First Aid Eye Injury & Burns


An Eye injury inflicts varying levels of damage to the delicate structures of the eye, either caused by   direct contact with a foreign object or substance, or by a sudden traumatic blow to the head. Listed below is information about first aid treatment in the event of an eye injury.

Chemicals:

Chemicals are common in the workplace, which can easily get splashed   into your eyes. It is important to wear safety glasses when handling toxic or abrasive chemicals and to use caution.



First Aid for Chemical splash includes




Ø  Encourage the person to remain calm and keep his or her eyes open until they can be flushed. Closing the eyes traps the chemical in and does further damage.

Flush eyes generously with water. Make sure the person keeps their eyes open during flushing.


Blows to the Eye:  



Sudden strikes from objects or humans can hit the eye directly. However any eye injury should be monitored for signs of a more serious injury or potential infection.


First Aid for a Blow to the Eyes includes
Ø  Gently place a cold compress over the eye in 5 to 10 minute intervals. Do not place ice directly on skin, use a cloth in between
Ø  After 24 hours, switch to warm compresses. This will help with bruising.

Cuts or Puncture wounds of the eye or lid:

You should seek immediate medical care if you suffer this type of





First Aid for the Cuts or Punctures includes




Ø  Do not wash the eye or lid. If there is an object embedded in the eye, do NOT remove.

Ø  Cover the eye with an eye shield, or if not available, the bottom half of a paper cup. Tape the shield gently over eye to secure on the face.


Foreign Object:

The eye often cleans itself of debris with tearing, so no treatment is needed until you are sure the object cannot be removed by itself.

First Aid for Foreign Objects in the Eyes includes:


Ø  Prevent the person from rubbing their eyes.

Ø  Flush the eyes generously with water. Have the person keep eyes open during flushing.


Burn Injury:



You can get burned by heat, fire, radiation, sunlight, electricity, chemicals or hot, boiling water. There are 3 degrees of burns:


Ø  First-degree burns are red and painful. They swell a little. They turn white when you press on the skin. The skin over the burn may peel off after 1 or 2 days.


Ø  Second-degree burns are thicker burns, are very painful and typically produce blisters on the skin. The skin is very red or splotchy, and may be very swollen.

Ø  Third-degree burns cause damage to all layers of the skin. The burned skin looks white or charred. These burns may cause little or no pain because the nerves and tissue in the skin are damaged.

How long does it takes for burns to heal?
Ø  First-degree burns usually heal in 3 to 6 days.

Ø  Second-degree burns usually heal in 2 to 3 weeks.

Ø  Third-degree burns usually take a very long time to heal.

First Aid for Burns:

First-degree burn
Ø  Soak the burn in cool water for at least 5 minutes. The cool water helps reduce swelling by pulling heat away from the burned skin.
Ø  Treat the burn with a skin care product that protects and heals skin, such as aloe Vera cream or an antibiotic ointment. You can wrap a dry gauze bandage loosely around the burn. This will protect the area and keep the air off of it.

Second-degree burn

Ø  Soak the burn in cool water for 15 minutes. If the burned area is small, put cool, clean, wet clothes on the burn for few minutes every day. Then put on an antibiotic cream, or other creams or ointments prescribed by your doctor. Cover the burn with a
dry non-stick dressing held in place with gauze or tape

.Ø  Change the dressing every day. First, wash your hands with soap and water. Then gently wash the burn and put antibiotic ointment on it. If the burn area is small, a dressing may not be needed.
Ø  Burned skin itches as it heals. Keep your fingernails cut short and don't scratch the burned skin. The burned area will be sensitive to sunlight for up to one year, so you should apply sunscreen to the area when you're outside.

Third-degree burn



Ø  For third-degree burns, go to the hospital right away. Don't take off any clothing that is stuck to the burn. Don't soak the burn in water or apply any ointment. If possible, raise the burned area

above the level of the heart. You can cover the burn with a cool, wet sterile bandage or clean cloth until you receive medical assistance.



By following these First Aid measures we can reduce the impact of the injury.

“Your good health is your greatest wealth”




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