Search This website

amazon search


Monday, 5 June 2017

First aid - Fracture

First Aid Fracture

First aid is the immediate care given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness before the arrival of a qualified expert. The purpose of first aid is to preserve life, assist recovery, prevent aggravation and minimize complications at later stage.
Fracture is the separation of a bone into two or more pieces under the action of stress. It is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.

Types of Fracture:

Ø  Open fracture: It is also called as compound fractures. In this ski breaks causing open wound
Ø  Closed fracture: It is also called as Simple fractures. In this the bone is broken, but the skin is intact

Causes of Fractures:

In most cases, fractures are caused by fall from height, motor vehicle accidents and direct blow etc. Young children and older people are more prone to fractures because their bones are weaker.

Symptoms of a Fracture

Symptoms include one or more of the following:
Ø  Intense pain at the site of the injury that worsens with movement
Ø  Swelling, numbness, or bluish color of the injured area
Ø  Deformity of the limb or joint if the injury occurred in the arm or leg
Ø  Bone protruding through the skin
Ø  Heavy bleeding at the injury site
Ø  Limited mobility or inability to move a limb

First Aid for Fractures:   

For Open Fractures:


Ø  Make the victim lie flat and remove the clothing covering the wound.
Ø  Remove tight clothing, watches, jewellery anything that could impede circulation.
Ø  Apply direct pressure to the wound to stop bleeding and continue as long as the wound bleeds.
Ø  Cover the wounded area with a clean sterilized cloth or dressing.
Ø  Do not draw exposed bones back into the tissue.

Ø It should be treated immediately to prevent infection.
Ø  Do not breath on the wound or probe it
Ø  Keep the injured body part elevated, as it helps reduce bleeding and swelling
Ø  Immobilize the injured area and perform splint for the fracture till appropriate medical attention can be provided

Ø  A thin piece of wood or other rigid material used to immobilize a fractured or dislocated bone, or to maintain any part of the body in a fixed position.
Ø  Possible splints include a rolled up newspaper or strips of wood. Immobilize the area both above and below the injured bone

For Closed Fractures:  

Ø  Advise the victim to keep still. Support the injured part with your hands or ask a helper to do this, until it is immobilised.
Ø  Apply ice (wrapped in cloth) to the injured area to help reduce swelling and inflammation.
Ø  For firmer support, bandage the injured part to an unaffected part of the body.
Ø  Perform sling/splint for the fracture arm till appropriate medical attention can be provided.

Do Not: 

Ø  Do not move the person unless the broken bone is stable.
Ø  Do not move a person with an injured hip, pelvis, or upper leg unless it is absolutely necessary. If you must move the person, pull the person to safety by his clothes (such as by the shoulders of a shirt, a belt, or pant-legs).
Ø  Do not move a person who has a possible spine injury.
Ø  Do not attempt to straighten a bone or change its position.
Ø  Do not try to reposition a suspected spine injury.
Ø  Do not test a bone's ability to move.
If medical attention is not immediately available, apply RICE therapy:
Ø  Rest from any activity that increases your pain. Use crutches
Ø  Ice injured area. Use an ice pack or wrap the ice in a clean cloth. Do not place ice directly against the skin.
Ø  Compress by wrapping fracture lightly with an "ace" bandage or elastic ankle brace. Do not try to align the bones.
Ø  Elevate the injured part above the heart level.


“Safety isn't expensive, it’s priceless”

No comments:

Post a Comment

propeller refer

'; (function() { var dsq = document.createElement('script'); dsq.type = 'text/javascript'; dsq.async = true; dsq.src = '//' + disqus_shortname + ''; (document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0]).appendChild(dsq); })();


Popular Posts



Abbreviation use for safety? (1) Accident investigation (1) Accident investigation Report? (1) Attitude (1) Authorized expose person? (1) Awareness - Electricity (1) Awareness - Malaria (1) Awareness - Swine Flu (1) Awareness - Typhoid (1) Awarness - cholara (1) Basic Electrical safety (1) Basic Orientation Training (1) Blasting awareness session (1) Carbone Monoxide (1) Chain Pulley Blocks (Do's) (1) Chain Pulley Blocks (Don'ts and Do's) (1) Classes of fire (1) communication and writen communication (1) Community unrest situation (1) competent persons? (1) Compressed Gas cylinder (1) confined space (2) confined space attendant? (1) Confined space awareness session (1) Confined space? (1) contingency plan - Accident / Incident (1) contingency plan - fire (1) contingency plan - Gas leak (1) Controlled area? (1) Cyclone (1) Defensive Driving (2) Density and specific Gravity (1) Do and Don't awareness session (1) Driving awareness session (1) Duties of a confined space attendant? (1) Earthquake (1) EHS Alert - Adverse Weather (1) EHS Alert - Air compressor (1) EHS Alert - Arc welding (1) EHS Alert - Bar Bending Machine (1) EHS Alert - Batching plant (1) EHS Alert - Cold weather (1) EHS ALERT - DENGUE (1) EHS Alert - Earth Quake (1) EHS Alert - Ebola (1) EHS Alert - Eye exposure to Portland cement (1) EHS Alert - Heat Stress (1) EHS Alert - Hot weather (1) EHS Alert - House Hold LPG (1) EHS Alert - Monsoon (1) EHS Alert - Motor cycle Helmet (1) EHS Alert - Paper (1) EHS Alert - Road / Traffic signs (1) EHS Alert - Snake Bite (1) Electrical safety (2) Electrical safety session (1) Element and Molecules (1) Emergency Evacuation Plan? (1) Employee Hand Book (1) Empty Fuel Container (1) Environment - Air pollution (1) Environment - soild waste disposal (1) Environment - Water pollution (1) Environment -Noise pollution (1) Environmental Management session (1) Ergonomics (1) Excavation safety - awareness session (1) explain each one? (1) Films (1) Fire (1) Fire fighting - Training / awareness session (1) Fire Fighting and prevention session (1) Fire Hazards and prevention (1) Fire Hazards and prevention Strategy (1) Fire Prevention session (1) Fire Protection (Do's and Dont's) (1) Fire Protection (Do's) (2) First Aid (1) First aid - Electrical (1) First aid - Electrical injuries (1) First aid - Fracture (1) First Aid – Eye Injury & Burns (1) Flood (1) Gas Cylinder Safety (Dos and Don'ts) (1) Gas Cylinder Safety (Dos) (1) Gieger meter? (1) Global warming (1) Global warming awareness (1) Grinding (Dos) (2) Grinding Safety (1) Hand-held Grinders (1) Hazardous job in a confined space? (1) Hazards (1) Hazards in a confined space (1) Heart Attack (7) Heart attack awareness session (1) Heat (1) How can extinguish and common type of fire extinguisher? (1) How is the soil classified? What is the slope to be given for each type of soil while excavating? (1) How many scaffolding tags used in scaffolding? (1) How many type of Fall Protection system? (1) How many types of accident in construction area? (1) Hydro Testing (1) Importance of Tool-box meeting (1) In what circumstances fall protection system has to be used? (1) In what situation “ear protection is needed”? (1) In which condition a scaffold cannot be erected? (1) Inspect scaffold (1) INSTRUCTION FOR STORAGE OF ELECTRICIAN’S GLOVES AND PRECAUTION S TO BE TAKEN BEFORE & AFTER USE. (1) Investigation (1) Jab safety Analysis (JSA) (1) Ladder safety (Do's and Don'ts) (1) Ladder safety (Do's) (1) Lifting plan? (1) Lifting Tackles and chainPulley Blocks (Do's) (2) Lifting Tackles and chainPulley Blocks (Dont's) (1) lighting & unrest (1) Manual Material Handling (1) Material Handling by using cranes (3) Material safety Data sheet (MSDS) (1) Maximum distance between two adjacent accesses (1) Measuring the Radiations? (1) Mistakes (1) Mobile phone Using Tips - Awarness session (1) Monsoon Electrical safety (1) Notices (1) Nuclear Density Gauge (1) Organization Culture (1) oxygen level in a confined space (1) Petroleum act (1) Portable Electrical Tools & Electrical safety? (1) Posters (1) PPE (2) Principle of Accident Prevention (1) Radiation Hazard (1) Radiography? (2) Requirements for moving scaffold. (1) Requirements in placing an access ladder on a scaffold. (1) Requirements of a crane Lifting? (1) Requirements of a man basket? (1) RIGGING (1) Road Safety Prevention (1) Ropes and Chains (Don'ts and Do's) (1) Safe Work System (1) Safety and Maintanence Inspection (1) Safety Definitions (8) Safety during Gas cutting (1) Safety in Electricity (1) Safety in material handling (1) Safety in welding & grinding (1) Safety in welding and Gas cutting (1) Safety Poster (37) Safety poster competition (2) Safety Q&A (30) SCAFFOLD (1) Scaffolding (Do's) (2) Scaffolding (Dont's) (1) Silicosis (1) Slings inspected? (1) Space between the two ladder Rungs? (1) Stress Relieving (1) Summer Heat Stroke Awareness session (1) Tandum Lift? (1) THE PARTS OF CRANE? (1) Types of cranes? (1) Types of permits? (1) Use of accident Report? (1) Waste Management (1) Welcome to ISO -Learning session (1) Welcome to Road safety and Defensive Driving (1) Welding and Gas Cutting (3) What is near-miss? (1) What are the benefits of near-miss reporting? (1) What are the precautions to be taken for Welding? (1) What are the precautions to be taken while handling and storing compressed cylinders? (1) What are the safety requirements for doing a hot work? (1) What are the scaffoldings and its kinds and it’s Consists? (1) What are the type of fire extinguishers commonly used and briefly (1) What is a guard rail system? (1) What is a life-line? (1) WHAT IS A NEARMISS? (1) WHAT IS ACCIDENT? (1) What is an “Assembly Point" and Head counting procedure? (1) What is color coding system? (1) What is Confined Space? (2) What is different between a flash back arrestor and a check valve? (1) What is Evocation? (1) What is excavation? (1) What is Fire (1) What is First Aid and CPR? (1) What is heat stroke? What are the different stage through which a person undergoes before he gets heat stroke? (1) What is lock-out/tag-out system? (1) What is LOTO? (1) What is method statement? (1) What is MSDS ? (1) What is Radio activity? (1) What is Risk Assessment? (1) What Is Safe working Load (SWL)? (1) What is Safety? (1) What is tag system? (1) What is the emergency evacuation procedure to follow in the event of a gas release? (1) What is the responsibility of Fire Watch? (1) What is Toolbox Talks? (1) What is trench? (1) WHAT IS WASTE MANAGEMENT? (1) What safety measure are required for SAFE CRANE OPERATION (1) Who can place a scaffold tag? (1) Who is your safety officer? (1) WHO MAKES AN ACCIDENT REPORT? (1) Why Safety Training is required? (2) width of walk-way (1) Work Management System (1) work permit? (1) Work Radius? (1) Working at height (1) Working in Confined Space (1) Workplace Heat illness (1)

Blog Archive