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Saturday, 24 June 2017

Manual Material Handling

Manual Material Handling

Improper lifting technique is often a primary cause of back strain and injury. A back injury caused by lifting may result in one or more of these problems:
·         Muscle injury: Stress on the lower back muscles can occur when you get out of proper position while lifting. Too much stress on the muscles can cause strain, pull, or small tears.
·         Disk injury: A disk is a type of cushion between the bones of the spine. A back injury can cause a disk to bulge or rupture and then press on one or more nerves to cause pain and discomfort.
·         Joint injury: This type of injury can occur when you use improper lifting techniques, even when the item you're lifting is relatively light.
The following tips can help avoid injury when lifting objects:

Before lift plan ahead:-

v Know what you are lifting and how you will lift it.
v Be aware of the weight of the object.
v Determine whether or not it’s safe to lift on your own.
v Make sure the work area is flat, dry and clear of debris.

Check your pathway

v Make sure the lift pathway is clear (Ensure no any tripping hazards or debris)
v Ensure the path way is free from wet or slick.

Use ergonomic equipment

v Use lift assists, forklift, cart, hand truck or hoist.
v Make sure you are trained before using the equipment.

Get help when needed

v When lifting awkward or heavy loads, utilize a two person lift.
v Make sure you lift at the same time and keep the load level.

Wear proper PPE’s

v Wear proper Personal Protective Equipment’s.




S.M.A.R.T    Lifting Technique:


Size up the load
v Assess the size, weight, and shape. Remove obstacles from the load (such as loose wrapping materials).
v Assess whether the load actually needs to be moved
v Where is the load going to be placed? Remove obstacles from your path.
v Determine whether mechanical or assistance from a co-worker is required
Move the load as close to your body as possible
v Stay close throughout the lift
v The whole hand should be used to ensure a firm grip
Always bend your knees
v Maintain balance
v Keep feet apart and in a comfortable position
v Minimize bending at the waist
v Bend your knees to a semi squat
Raise the load with your legs
v Lift smoothly, without jerking
v Maintain the normal curve of your spine throughout the lift
v Tighten the abdominal muscles and exhale while lifting
Turn your feet in the direction that you want to move the load
v Avoid unnecessary bending, twisting, and reaching
v Change direction by turning your feet and not your back
v To set down a load, squat down and keep your head up. Let your legs do the work.



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