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Saturday, 24 June 2017

Petroleum act

Petroleum act

Petroleum means any liquid hydrocarbon or mixture of hydrocarbons, and any inflammable mixture (liquid, viscous or solid) containing any liquid hydrocarbon.
Classification of petroleum:


 There are 3 classes of petroleum as under;
Ø Petroleum Class ‘A’ Means petroleum having a flash point below 23 degree
E.g. Petrol, Hexane, Toluene, Naphtha

Ø Petroleum Class ‘B’ Means petroleum having a flash point of 23 degree and above but below 65 degree.
E.g. HSD, SKO, MTO etc.
Ø Petroleum Class ‘C’ Means petroleum having a flash point of 65 degree and above but below 93 degree.
Flash Point:
Flash point of any petroleum means the lowest temperature at which it yields a vapour which will give a momentary flash when ignited.
Transport and storage of petroleum:
Ø No licence needed for transport or storage of petroleum class ‘B’ in quantity not exceeding
1000 litres and petroleum class ‘C’ in quantity not exceeding 45,000 litres.
Ø No licence needed for import, transport or storage of petroleum class ‘A’ not intended for sale
if the total quantity in possession does not exceed 30 litres.
Ø No licence etc. is needed for any petroleum which has its flash point not below 93 degree.
E.g.

Lubricants,
etc.
Form of licence/approval purpose and licensing/approving authority:
Ø For storage of petroleum class A in barrels up to 300 litres one should get licence from district authority in the prescribed form X
Ø For storage of petroleum class A in barrels exceeding 300 litres one should get licence from circle / sub-circle office in the prescribed form XIV
Ø For storage of petroleum class B in barrels up to 25000 litres one should get licence from district authority in the prescribed form X
Ø For storage of petroleum class B in barrels Exceeding 25000 litres one should get licence from circle / sub-circle office in the prescribed form XIV
Ø For storage of petroleum class c in barrels Exceeding 45000 litres one should get licence from circle / sub-circle office in the prescribed form XIV
Ø For storage of petroleum in tanks installations one should get licence from chief controller of explosives (CCE) in the prescribed form XIII

Fabrication considerations of petroleum tankers:

Ø There are fabricators of tank lorry who are approved by the CCE, Nagpur and the tank lorry must be fabricated by any of these approved fabricators.
Ø There are competent persons recognised by CCE, Nagpur and the tank lorry must be tested by any of these competent persons and the certificate of tank test and the safety fitting must be issued by any of these competent persons.
Ø The tank lorry licence as granted for 3 years at a time, expiring on 31st December of the third calendar year.
Ø The net carrying capacity of a tank truck or a semi-trailer shall not exceed 25 Kl of petroleum and the net carrying capacity of any compartment shall not exceed 5Kl of petroleum. The number of compartments should not exceed five.

Petroleum carrying tanker should consist;

Ø Provision of electrical earthing by means of flexible cable between tanker chassis and earth boss/fill pipe.
Ø Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) of the material being carried.
Ø The tank should be clearly marked with material being carried in quantity and it should be marked with skull & bone symbol.
Think safety, before you act



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